Author: Jan Scholten
Botany: 35 families, 13100 species.
Botany: ovary superior, often of 3 fused carpels, dry stigmas; leaves often simple, entire, leathery, fleshy, trilacunar nodes; seed fibrous exotegmen; flowers inconspicuous, reduced, unisexual; ovary of 2 carpels, unilocular, single apical ovule; pollen porate, wind pollinated, stamens 5 or less, single whorl; fruit drupaceous; cystolids of calcium carbonate.
DD: Ericaceae; Fabaceae.
In the Apg3 classification Malpighiales is one of the Orders in Fabidae. Malpighiales is part of the COM clade: Celastrales, Oxalidales and Malpighiales. The order of the Malpighiales is somewhat strange in the sense that it is the one with the least qualities common to all the families. It is based mostly on DNA analysis. A common feature is the trilacunar nodes in the leaf attachment.
Some suborders have formerly been treated as orders such as Violales and Euphorbiales.
In the Cronquist classification Violales included many families, that in the Apg3 classification are transferred to other orders: Cucurbitaceae and Datiscaceae to Cucurbitales, Cistaceae to Malvales, Tamaricaceaea to Caryophyllales and Caricaceae to Brassicales. In the Apg3 classification the Violales clade is a Suborder in the Order of the Malpighiales. It includes Violaceae, Passifloraceae, Salicaeae, Turneraceae and Achariaceae.
In the Plant theory the Malpighiales is split into 2 Orders. Violales is split off from Malpighiales. Violales is placed in Phase 3.
1. Rhizophoraceae, Erythroxylaceae, Ctenolophonaceae.
2. Passifloraceae, Turneraceae, Malesherbiaceae.
4. Euphorbiaceae, Peraceae, Picrodendraceea, Phyllantaceae.
It is a combination of Hydrogen, Carbon, Silicon and Iron series and Phase 3.
They feel part of a family and a village but it is only half true. They are unsure about their position and rights. They are unsure whether they can be themselves or have to adapt to others and adopt certain attitudes and behaviour. Often they do things because they think it is expected of them. When it becomes more extreme they do not even know anymore what they want, whether what they do is really what they want themselves or is the idea of the family, group, village. This can lead to confusion, irresolution and continuous doubt. The patient feels confused about himself, does not understand it. They can get guilty feelings. This can lead to a desire for religious relief, a connection to religious groups and sects.
The main theme is a kind of entanglement. There is a confusion about what they want, can or must do. They are often in confusing relationships, where it is unclear who is doing what and for what reason. They have taken on motives of others under pressure and tend to think these are their own motives. Their own feelings and desires are often suppressed, often so much that they do not realise it anymore. There is always a little voice in the background telling them this is the case, but they cannot listen to it without getting into conflict with themselves. It is the double-bind situation. As a therapist one often gets confused with them too, not understanding the situation or problem. Things are so mixed up that it is difficult to get a clear picture. Things are foggy, turbid.
There is a strong theme of secrets. Often there are secrets in the family which give rise to negative effects in the family, mostly unknown to those who are affected. This gives rise to confused states, unknown states. As a therapist one gets the feeling that the problems and complaints cannot be understood, as if one is trying to see through a mist or muddy water. It is as if the whole state does not make sense. This is the same for the patient. Because she does not understand the problem, a solution is far away, as if there is no way out. Often one thinks one has understood the case but the remedy does not work and she comes back in the same state. They often keep secrets themselves, from relatives, society and also the doctor. It is out of shame and a fear of being rejected.
Work, money, business
They have a strong feeling of duty. They have to do their work and job perfectly, otherwise they will get feelings of guilt. They often doubt if what they do is enough or good enough, if they earn enough and can provide the family with the right things.
They work hard for their family but keep on doubting whether they do enough or the right thing. They keep doubting if others really like them, want them, or that are just accepting them out of duty or convenience. This all comes from feeling bound, mostly by family and social pressure. It can come from their family, a religious group, or their job. They fear being expelled. That was already the threat at a young age and it is internalised. Their place in the family is not well defined.
It can be the situation of a child with a stepmother, never feeling really accepted. A loyalty conflict can arise between the father and stepmother, or between the child and the stepmother.
Stepmother, stepfather, stepchild.
Desire to dress beautifully, to be attractive and loveable.
Feeling of shame and guilt for what they have done wrong or have not done.
Anger, rage, fury, held in or expressed, < too many demands, being rejected, humiliated, degraded.
Sad, depression, < being rejected, having failed, being unloved, humiliated, degraded.
Apathy, indifference from having the feeling that one’s goals cannot be reached.
Man wife struggle.
Religious, Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, rigid, preaching.
They do not know what they really think but what their religion tells them to think.
Emotions suppressed, controlled by intellect.
Family binds, confusion.
Taciturn, aversion to talk; unable to express themselves, foggy, chaotic, confused.
Lack of identity, weak, weak willed.
Memory poor, forgetful, memories lost.
Cheerful, excited, happy; dancing, singing.
Mental activity, industrious, < evening, night; thoughts flowing; ideas abundant.
Talk aversion, taciturn.
Industrious, working hard.
Mental, mental control, anger suppressed.
Weakness of identity.
Confusion > mental control.
Meditation, quiet, industrious, submission, outbursts.
Less emotional; taciturn, talks only when lost control, sleep.
Cheerful, dance, singing.
Floating, light, confusion, anaesthesia.
Lack of stability.
Ailments from domination.
Delusions: frightful humans, devils and spectres.
Fear: death; soul escaping from his body; trapped in the collective unconsciousness; mind and body are separated.
Dreams: God is far from him and repudiates him.
Sensation: entanglement; bound, numb; stitching; burning.
Food: > eating.
Sleep: sleepless, < thinking. < excitement; waking frequent.
Physical: > discharges, > stool; > urination.
Vertigo: floating, light, ungrounded.
Head: headache with pains in other parts; motions of head, affections of hair.
Mouth: tooth ache.
Throat: loss of voice.
Chest: anxiety; pain of the heart, problems.
Urinary: urination involuntary.
Genital: impotency, frigidity.
Back: injury of coccyx; tension cervical.
Skin: eruptions; herpes; cracked; eruptions, face; herpes, zoster, labialis.