Author: Jan Scholten
English: Restios; Restiads; Cape reeds.
African: Biesies; Dekriet
Clades: Poales; Liliidae; Lilianae; Angiospermae; Plants.
Region: South Africa, Australia.
Genera: 51 genera; 572 species; Alexgeorgea, Anarthria, Anthochortus, Aphelia, Apodasmia, Askidiosperma, Baloskion, Calorophus, Cannomois, Centrolepis, Ceratocaryum, Chaetanthus, Chordifex, Coleocarya, Dapsilanthus, Dielsia, Elegia, Empodisma, Eurychorda , Gaimardia, Harperia, Hopkinsia, Hydrophilus, Hypodiscus, Hypolaena, Lepidobolus, Leptocarpus, Lepyrodia, Loxocarya, Lyginia, Mastersiella, Meeboldina, Megalotheca, Nevillea, Onychosepalum, Platycaulos, Restio, Rhodocoma, Sporadanthus, Staberoha, Thamnochortus, Willdenowia, Winifredia.
Use: garden ornamentals.
In the Apg3 classification Restionaceae is a Family of Poales.
In the Plant theory Restionaceae is placed in Polaes, in Subphase 3.
Restionaceae is a Family in the order Poales. In the Apg classifications Polaes is member of the Commelinoids in the Liliidae subclass. In the Apg4 classification the families Anarthriaceae, Centrolepidaceae and Lyginiaceae are included in Restionaceae.
In the first version of Plant theory Commelinoids was placed in Phase 4.
In the second version of the Plant theory Commelinoids is split in the Orders Poales, Zingiberales, Commelinales and Arecales. Poales is placed in Phase 2. Restionaceae is placed in Sunphase 3 of Poales.
Evidence from fossil pollens suggests that Restionaceae originated 65 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous period, when the southern continents were still part of Gondwana.
Annual or perennial, tufted or rhizomatous, herbaceous dioecious, rush-like or bamboo-like, flowering plants; from a few centimeters to 3 m in height; leaves reduced to sheaths; flowers extremely small, in spikelets, making up the inflorescences, wind-pollinated; Mediterranean climates.