Author: Jan Scholten
Subfamily Calamoideae includes the climbing palms, such as rattans. The leaves are usually pinnate; derived characters (synapomorphies) include spines on various organs, organs specialized for climbing, an extension of the main stem of the leaf-bearing reflexed spines, and overlapping scales covering the fruit and ovary.
Subtribus: Calaminae, Korthalsiinae, Metroxylinae, Pigafettinae, Plectocomiinae, Salaccinae
Subtribus: Ancistrophyllinae, Mauritiinae, Raphiinae
Genera: Eremospatha, Laccosperma, Oncocalamus
Genera: Lepidocaryum, Mauritia, Mauritiella