Author: Jan Scholten
Orchidaceae is the only Family in Orchidales.
Clades: Orchidales; Liliidae; Lilianae; Angiospermae; Plants.
Names: orchis is Greek for testicle because of the shape of the root.
English: Orchids; Orchis; Satyrion; Satyrion feminina; Ballockwort.
Culture: Greek myth of Orchis, the son of a nymph and a satyr, drank too much on a festival of Dionysios or Bacchus in the forest and attempted to rape a priestess of Dionysos; for his insult, he was torn apart by the Bacchanalians, the gods changed him into a flower.
Source: Lou Klein; Sally Williams.
DD: Phosphorus, Fluorine; Natrium.
In the Apg3 classification the Orchidaceae are placed in the order Asparagales, as a first branch.
In the Plant theory they are placed in their own order Orchidales. This do not affect the monophyly of both orders. Orchidaceae is one of the biggest families with more than 20000 species.
The Orchidales are tentatively split in 7 Subphases. This is tentatively at the moment, as not many orchids have been well known in homeopathy. Recently quite some orchids have been proved but there has not been published much clinical experience. The Subfamilies of Apostasioideae, Cypripedioideae, Orchidoideae are placed in Subphases 1 to 3. Epidendroideae, the biggest subfamily, is split into 4 Subfamilies: Maxillarioideae, Vandoideae, Dendrobioideae and Neottioideae.
The Stages are also put tentatively as there is too little information to be sure about them in many species.
From the point of view of the Plant theory it would be more elegant to raise Orchidaceae to the level of Order, Orchidales and the Subfamilies to the level of Families.