Clades: Cyatheales; Polypodiidae; Pteridophyta; Plants.
Region: Southern Hemisphere, southern New Zealand.
Habitat: tropical, subtropical, warm temperate
Content: carcinogens; thiaminase, robbing vitamin B complex.
Ferns; terrestrial, some epiphytes; with long, tapering hairs composed of cells arranged end to end, unlike Cyatheaceae.
Stem: very short trunks, some can reach several metres in height.
Leaves: large pinnate fronds, 1 to 4 m long.
Larger tree ferns in the genus Cibotium were formerly included in Dicksoniaceae, but are now segregated as the family Cibotiaceae.