Author: Jan Scholten
English: Dayflower family; Spiderwort family.
DD: Silicon, Phosphorus; Nitrogenium, Natrium, Silicon, Muriaticum.
Clades: Commelinales; Commelinoids; Liliidae; Lilianae; Angiospermae; Plants.
Commelinaceae is a Family in Commelinales in the Apg3 classification.
In the Plant theory Commelinaceae is placed in Commelinales, in Phase 3. Commelinaceae is split in its two Subfamilies Commelinoideae and Tradescantioideae in Subphase 3 and 4 respectively.
Botany: 40 genera; 650 species; great variation in morphology, especially of the flower and inflorescence, flowers short-lived, lasting for a day or less, offer only pollen; deceive pollinators by appearing to offer a larger reward than is actually present. This is accomplished with various adaptations such as yellow hairs or broad anther connectives that mimic pollen, or staminodes that lack pollen but appear like fertile stamens.
Genera: Aetheolirion, Amischotolype, Aneilema, Anthericopsis, Belosynapsis, Buforrestia, Callisia, Cartonema, Cochliostema, Coleotrype, Commelina, Cyanotis, Dichorisandra, Dictyospermum, Elasis, Floscopa, Geogenanthus, Gibasis, Gibasoides, Matudanthus, Murdannia, Palisota, Plowmanianthus, Pollia, Polyspatha, Porandra, Pseudoparis, Rhopalephora, Sauvallea, Siderasis, Spatholirion, Stanfieldiella, Streptolirion, Tapheocarpa, Thyrsanthemum, Tinantia, Tradescantia, Tricarpelema, Triceratella, Tripogandra, Weldenia.