Author: Jan Scholten
English: Cashew family; Sumac family.
Botany: ± 80 genera; ± 700 species; resin canals; ovule with 1 locule.
Content: polyphenols; flavonoids, biflavonoids; flavonols, fisetin, fustin, sulfuretin;tannins; oleoresins, lattices; alkylated phenols.
Use: cashew nuts; pistacia nuts; mango; marula fruits; varnish; tanning; red dyes.
DD: Oxygen, Chlorum, Silver Series.
Shrubs, trees or climbers, Pegia.
Stem: resin exudate, acrid, turpentine smelling, milky, becoming black when exposed to air, poisonous, sometimes foul-smelling; resin canals are characteristic, located in the pith, in the primary cortex or the regular bark; tannin sacs are common.
Leaves: simple or compound, imparipinnate; crowded at the end of twigs; spirally arranged; entire; stipules absent; petioles usually thickened at base
Inflorescences: mostly large terminal or axillary panicles.
Flowers: inconspicuous, small, up to 0.5 cm across; unisexual, regular; disc present.
Sepals: usually 5 (sometimes 4), free or slightly connate.
Petals: usually 5 (sometimes 4), usually free, valvate or imbricate.
Androecium: stamens 8--10, inserted on disc, partly staminodal.
Gynoecium: ovary usually superior, 2--5(--12)-celled, each cell with 1 ovule.
Fruit: usually a drupe; often flattened, sometimes with persistent calyx; endosperm scanty or absent.
DD Burseraceae: ovules 2 per locule (1 in Anacardiaceae).
DD Sapindaceae: free rhachis end (absent in Anacardiaceae).
DD Meliaceae: staminal tube (free in Anacardiaceae).
Anacardiaceae is one of the main Families in the Sapindales in the Apg3 classification.
In the Plant theory Anacardiaceae is placed in Subphase 2.