Author: Jan Scholten
644.56.13 Balanites aegyptiaca
Names: Ximenia aegyptiaca.
English: Desert date; Soapberry tree; Egyptian balsam.
Name: Arabic: Lalob Hidjihi, Heglig; Hausa: Aduwa; Swahili: Mduguyu; Amhari: Bedena.
Botany: Africa; arid; tree 10 m, narrow; branches are thorny; yellow-green bisexual flowers; yellow, single-seeded fruit is edible but bitter.
Use: famine food; cooking oil; alcoholic beverages; seed cake after oil extraction as animal fodder.
Content: seed oil; sapogenins, diosgenin and yamogenin.
Infection: schistosome; blood-flukes; bilharzia.
Female: contraceptive pills and corticoids; lactation.
Skin: dracunculiasis, guinea worm.