Author: Jan Scholten
Clades: Ranunculidae, Fabanae, Angiospermae, Plants.
Content: alkaloids, bezyl-isoquinoline alkaloids.
Leaves: toothed, lobed, some compound.
Flowers: hypogynous; sepals and petals free; stamen many, filaments slender.
Seeds: tiny embryos, endosperm copious.
3. Anemonoideae: they feel weak, needing support in a raw world.
4. Berberidaceae: they feel like protectors of the family, in a dangerous environment.
5. Menispermaceae: they feel limited in their belief systems, want to break out of them.
6. Fumariaceae: they feel used and abused by the village, standing aside.
7. Papaveraceae: they feel like outcasts, powerless, slaves.
Ranunculales is the main order at the start of the Eudicots, the Dicotyledons. In the past Ranunculales was often associated with the Magnoliana., due to the primitive qualities of both.
To the order of the Ranunculales also belong the small families Circaeasteraceae with only Circaeaster, Eupteleaceae with only Euptelea and Lardizabalaceae with 8 genera. The Lardizabalaceae are very similar to the Menispermaceae.
In the Plant theory Ranunculales is the only Order in the Subclass of Ranunculidae.
In the second version of the Plant theory the Ranunculaceae are split in 3 families: Delphinoideae; Actaeoideae; Anemonoideae. They are placed in respectively Subphase 1, 2 and 3. In the first version Eupteleaceae was placed in Subphase 1, but that was very insufficient as there was only 1 genus. Lardizabalaceae was placed in Subphase 2. It is a small family with only 8 genera.