Author:
Jan Scholten
Book:
Type:
Chapter:
3-633.42.00

English: grasses.
Dutch: grassen.
Culture: grass eaters are herd animals.
Content: Calcium; Chromium; Silicon; oxalates; melatonin; gluten.

Taxonomy
In the Apg3 classification Poaceae is a member of Poales.
In the Plant theory Poales is split into 3 groups: Cyperaceae, Poaceae and Bromeliaceae. Poaceae, with 700 genera, are Subphase 2 of the Commelinoids. Poaceae is treated as one family together with 6 other families of Poales, as shown below. They form a monophyletic clade within Poales as defined in the Apg3 classification.

Families
Poaceae: 700 genera
Anarthriaceae: Anarthria, Hopkinsia, Lyginia.
Centrolepidaceae: Aphelia, Centrolepis, Gaimardia.
Ecdeiocoleaceae: Ecdeiocolea, Georgeantha.
Flagellariaceae: Flagellaria.
Joinvilleaceae: Joinvillea.
Restionaceae: Alexgeorgea, Anthochortus, Apodasmia, Askidiosperma, Baloskion, Calopsis, Calorophus, Cannomois, Catacolea, Ceratocaryum, Chaetanthus, Chondropetalum, Chordifex, Coleocarya, Cytogonidium, Dapsilanthus, Desmocladus, Dielsia, Dovea, Elegia, Empodisma, Eurychorda, Harperia, Hydrophilus, Hypodiscus, Hypolaena, Ischyrolepis, Kulinia, Lepidobolus, Leptocarpus, Lepyrodia, Loxocarya, Mastersiella, Meeboldina, Melanostachya, Nevillea, Onychosepalum, Platycaulos, Platychorda, Restio, Rhodocoma, Sporadanthus, Staberoha, Stenotalis, Taraxis, Thamnochortus, Tremulina, Tyrbastes, Willdenowia, Winifredia.

Subfamilies in the Poaceae
Anomochlooideae: broad-leaved; genera Anomochloa, Streptochaeta.
Pharoideae: genera, including Pharus and Leptaspis
Puelioideae: African genus Puelia
Pooideae: wheat, barley, oats, brome-grass Bromus, reed-grasses Calamagrostis, many lawn and pasture grasses.
Bambusoideae: including bamboo.
Ehrhartoideae,:including rice and wild rice.
Aristidoideae: including Aristida.
Arundinoideae: including giant reed and common reed.
Chloridoideae: including the lovegrasses Eragrostis, dropseeds Sporobolus, finger millet Eleusine coracana, muhly grasses Muhlenbergia.
Panicoideae, including panic grass, maize, sorghum, sugarcane, most millets, fonio, and bluestem grasses
Micrairoideae
Danthonioideae, including pampas grass

Tribes in Poaceae
Ampelodesmeae
Amphipogoneae
Andropogoneae
Anisopogoneae
Anomochloeae
Aristideae
Arundineae
Arundinelleae
Arundinoideae
Aveneae
Bambuseae
Bambusoideae
Brachyelytreae
Brachypodieae
Bromeae
Centothecoideae
Chloridoideae
Cyperochloeae
Danthonieae
Diarrheneae
Ehrharteae
Eriachneae
Guaduelleae
Isachneae
Lygeae
Maydeae
Meliceae
Micrairieae
Nardeae
Neurachneae
Olyreae
Orcuttieae
Oryzeae
Paniceae
Panicoideae
Pappophoreae
Phaenospermatae
Phareae
Phyllorhachideae
Poeae
Pooideae
Puelieae
Seslerieae
Spartochloeae
Steyermarkochloeae
Stipeae
Streptochaeteae
Streptogyneae
Triodieae
Triticeae