Author: Jan Scholten
Content: valerenic acid; iridoid glycosids; salysilic acid.
Dipsacales is long recognised as an Order and is placed in Campanulidae in the Apg classifications. In the Apg1 classification it had 3 Families Caprifoliaceae, Dipsacaceae, Diervillaceae, Linnaeaceae, Morinaceae and Valerianaceae. In the Apg3 classification the Families have been fused and only 2 families are recognised: Adoxaceae with Sambucus and Viburnum in it and Caprifoliacae. Caprifolicaeae has several subfamilies: Caprifolieae, Diervilleae, Linnaeae, Dipsacaceae, Morindaceae and Valerianaceae.
The Order Paracryphiales, with one family Paracryphiaceae, has been difficult to place in older classifications and is placed as a near alley of the Dipsacales in the Apg3 classification.
In the Plant theory the subfamilies of the Caprifoliaceae are treated as families. Paracryphiaceae is combined in the Dipsacales.
There are relatively few genera in this Order and thus in the Families. The consequence is that there are not enough genera for each Stage of each Family. A discussion about this can be found in Chapter Discussion Complexity.
4. Dipsacaceae, Morinaceae
The main theme is the conflict between relationships and autonomy. Any relationship can become a problem but it is especially in sexual relationships, partnerships. They feel they have to be loving and giving but they also want to keep their autonomy and freedom. They can easily feel too bound in a relationship. This can be aggravated by a domineering spouse. But it can also be enhanced by feelings of guilt, of being indebted to the other. They can feel that they have to give a lot as if there is something wrong with them, as if they have guilt towards the world and the other, like a kind of original sin they are born with. This can come from an education where they have been often told they were not good, that they were egotistical and egocentric. It can come from an upbringing in a religion that imprinted guilt feelings in their members. It can lead them to go into a monastery and give a lot to others and to God. They seek redemption for their guilt and debt feeling. This is coming from a spiritual feeling and a desire to be free.
In relationships they can be very passionate. But it also brings the fear that they will give themselves away and so lose their freedom and identity.
Theme: home, strange versus familiar; love.
Changeable, hysteria, exaggerated.
Feeling desolate, strange.
Physical: > motion.
Nervous: spasms, cramps.
Lungs: suffocation; choking.