Author:
Jan Scholten
Book:
Type:
Chapter:
3-666.30.00

English: Bellflower order.

Taxonomy
Campanulales was a separate order in older classifications but Asterales is integrated in Campanulales in the Apg3 classification. This has been done because Campanulales as such is paraphyletic and becomes monophyletic only when Asterales are included.
In the Plant theory I have separated the Asterales and Campanulales. The homeopathic qualities are so distinct that it is better to treat Campanulales as a separate Order.
Lobeliaceae is treated as a separate family, instead of being part of Campanulaceae as in the Apg3 classification. Lobeliaceae has quite distinct Phosphorus qualities, indicating Phase 5. The placement of the other families in Subphases is tentative.

Subphases
1. Menyanthaceae: they feel like an outsider, fearing having to please others and lose their autonomy.
2. Stylidiaceae, Alseuosmiaceae, Argophyllaceae, Pentaphragmaceae, Phellinaceae: they have a place but have to work hard for it, or get overwhelmed by work or the group.
3. Rousseaceae + Carpodetaceae: too pleasing to be able to be autonomous.
4. Campanulaceae: they keep on working for the group, trying to find their autonomy.
5. Lobeliaceae: they feel limited and compressed by working for the group, looking for autonomy.
6. Goodeniaceae: they feel suppressed in the group, under a yoke, their autonomy taken away.
7. Calyceraceae: they will be rejected because they go their own way.