Author:
Jan Scholten
Book:
Type:
Chapter:
3-655.00.00

DD: Carbon series; Silicon series; Iron series, Silver series; Lamiidae.

Taxonomy
In the Apg3 classification the Malvidae consist of the big Orders Brassicales, Malvales and Sapindales and the small Orders Crossomateles, Huerteales and Picramniales. Santalales have been difficult to place till now and have been associated also with Asteranae.
In the Plant theory the Order of the Santalales has been added to the Malvidae. This is a tentative action as it affects the monophyly of the Malvidae according to the present taxonomical knowledge. Santalales though have qualities of Silver series, fitting them better with Malvidae than Asteranae.
Cistales and Thymelaeaceae are split off from Malvales, which do not affect the monophyly of each of these clades. Cistales is placed in its own Order. Thymelaeaceae are placed in Huerteales. This is in deviation of the Apg3 classification, making Huerteales polyphyletic according to current knowledge.
Crossosomatales is placed in Phase 1 as it is the first diverging lineage of the core Malvidae.

Phases
1. Crossosomatales, including Picramniales: they feel that they have to get a place in the system.
2. Huerteales: they have a place but have to fight for it, or get overwhelmed in it.
3. Malvales: they have a place but it is uncertain, they get confused what to do, follow their own impulse or that of others.
4. Sapindales: they feel central in the system, which gives them safety but also responsibility for it.
5. Cistales: they have their place, do a lot but then feel it is too much, that they get used.
6. Brassicales: they feel part of the system but think about leaving as it does not give them enough love and respect.
7. Santalales: they feel that they can lose their place in the system, or that it can collapse as a whole.