Jan Scholten

English: Cabbage order.
Botany: characteristic is the chemistry with glucosinolate and myrosin.
Content: glucosinolate, myrosin; myrosinase, erucic acid, eicosenoic acid.
DD: Phase 6; Carbon series; Silicon series; Iron series; Silver series.
DD: Oxygen, Sulphur, Rubiaceae.

This order consist of 17 families. Brassicaceae is the best known family and contains the majority of species of this order. The order was dificult to establish. For example Limnanthaceae had been placed in its own order, Limnanthaceae and Tropaeolaceae in Geraniales, Batidaceae in Caryophyllales, Caricacaeae in Violales. Assembled DNA sequence data sets for glucosinolate taxa and applied cladistic methods showed that all the glucosinolate-producing taxa save Drypetes, form a clade, the Brassicales. Despite the paucity of morphological synapomorphies the chemistry and DNA show a well supported evidence for the group’s monophyly.
Families: Akaniaceae, Bataceae, Caricaceae (Carica papaya), Emblingiaceae, Gyrostemonaceae, Koeberliniaceae, Limnanthaceae, Moringaceae (Moringa oleifera), Pentadiplandraceae, Resedaceae, Salvadoraceae, Setchellantacaee, Tovariaceae, Tropaeolaceae (Tropaeolum majus).

1. Caricaceae, Moringaceae, Akaniaceae
2. Tropaeolaceae, Limnanthaceae
3. Resedaceae, Gyrostemonaceae, Tovariaceae, Pentadiplandraceae
4. Capparidaceae
5. Cleomaceae
6. Brassicaceae
7. Salvadoraceae, Bataceae, Koeberlinaceae